Makam and Morphology ΙΙ - Performance VΙ

 Course Title

 Makam and Morphology II – Performance VI

 Course Code


 Type of Course

 Mandatory, 6 hours/week (2hrs theory+ 2hrs tutorial+ 2hrs workshop)

 Course level




 ECTS Credits

 7 (4+3)

 Professor (-s)

 Learning Outcomes

 Knowledge of the history and evolution of types melodic modality found in multimodal musical traditions of the area of Eastern Mediterranea. Knowledge of the history and evolution of the various traditional instruments.

Comprehension of methods and analytical tools developed in the modal systems of Byzantine Octoechos, Turco-arabo-persian Makam and ancient Greek Harmoniai.

Comprehension of the position and role of each performing instrument in the music idioms of Eastern Mediterranean.

Application of all the elements of modality, rhythmology, morphology and specific stylistic elements of various local idioms on the specific performing instruments.

Analysis of melodic examples by means of the modal analysis methodology and tools taught in the theoretical part of the course.

Synthesis of methods and tools of modal theory and practice in order to explain complex melodic behavior found in oral music idioms of the Eastern Mediterranean.

Evaluation of data for the formulation of new models of explanation at the level of theory and new ways of using traditional instruments at the level of music practice.

 Prerequisite Courses

 Teaching Approach

Interactive presentation/ lecture supported by using musical instruments, as well as music technology and in specific music software for the analysis of melodic examples.

 Recommended Courses in the Curriculum

Aesthetics and Pedagogy- Music Ensembles IV
Aesthetics of Traditional Music – Music Ensembles III
Didactics of the Instrument- Performance VII
Introduction to Ethnomusicology
Greek Discography- Music Ensembles II
Perspectives in the Study of Greek Traditional Music I- III
Music Criticism - Music Ensembles V
Theory of Traditional Music I- Performance I
Theory of Traditional Music II- Performance II
Traditional Orchestras- Music Ensembles I
Makam and Morphology II- Performance VI
Music Transcription
Music Pedagogy I- II
Elements of Byzantine Music- Chanting
Modality and Harmonization I- Performance III
Modality and Harmonization II- Performance IV

 Course Content


Analysis of harmonization techniques found in oral musical idioms, defined by musical as well as aesthetic rules. The inspection of variations in the way of harmonization, found in musical idioms of different regions of   Greece.

Practice in oral recognition ability of different types of chords found in characteristic acoustic examples from the above mentioned repertoire. Exercises in harmonic  cycles, generalizations and peculiarities.

Exercises for the improvement of performing technique. Implementation of makam and dromoi. Study of popular and traditional pieces from the relevant repertoire of each instrument, either of from different areas or historical  periods. Solistic approach- accompanying approach, local stylistic performance variations. Presentation and technical analysis of exceptional performers representatives of local characteristic styles for each instrument. The level of difficulty of all the above depends on the semester. The functional role of each instrument in actual orchestras, accordingly to the place and the case. Acoustic characteristics, electrical amplification.

 Recommended Bibliography

     Davis, R. 2000, «Mode» στο New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Λονδίνο: Macmillan

     Ozkan, I.H. 1984, Turk Musikisi Nazariyati ve Usulleri Istanbul: Otuken

Powers, H. 1980, «Mode» στο New Grove: Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol 12. London: Macmillan

Signell, K. 2004, Makam: Modal Practice in Turkish Art Music. Nokomis Florida: Usul

Ανδρίκος Νίκος, «Το υβριδικό σύστημα των λαϊκών δρόμων και η ανάγκη εναλλακτικής επαναδιαχείρισής του», Μουσική (και) Θεωρία (Τετράδια 5), Τμήμα Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής ΤΕΙ Ηπείρου, Άρτα, σ. 96-106

Κηλτζανίδης, Π. 1881, Μεθοδική Διδασκαλία Ελληνικής Μουσικής, Θεσσαλονίκη: Ρηγόπουλος

Μαυροειδής, Μ. 1999, Mουσικοί Τρόποι στην Ανατολική Μεσόγειο Αθήνα: Φαγκότο

Μυστακίδης Δ., Το λαούτο, Εν Χορδαίς, Θεσσαλονίκη 2005

Τσαρδάκας Απόστολος, Το κανονάκι στις 78 στροφές, Τµήµα Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής - Fagotto, Άρτα – Αθήνα 2008

 Learning Exercises

Home study exercises on modal analysis of scores and acoustic examples.

Home study exercises for the specific instrument, its technique and its repertoire.

 Teaching Methods

The course is based on ternary teaching with the participation of the students, discussion and practice.

Criteria and Methods of Evaluation

Written examinations at the end of the semester (separately for theory and tutorial) containing all issues dealt with in the frame of the theoretical part as well as the tutorial part of the course.

In the workshop part, the acquired skill on the instrument of each student is evaluated, both at the technical and stylistic level as well as the accuracy of interpretation  of modes, rhythms and the special repertoire. 

 Teaching Language