Makam and Morphology I - Performance V

Course Title

Makam and Morphology I-Performance V

Course Code


Type of Course

Core, 6 hours/week (2hrs theory+ 2hrs tutorial+ 2hrs workshop)

Course level




ECTS Credits

7 (4+3)

Professor (-s)

Learning Outcomes 

     Knowledge of the history and evolution of types melodic modality found in multimodal musical traditions of the area of Eastern Mediterranea. Knowledge of the history and evolution of the various traditional instruments. 

Comprehension of methods and analytical tools developed in the modal systems of Byzantine Octoechos, Turco-arabo-persian Makam and ancient Greek Harmoniai
Comprehension of the position and role of each performing instrument in the music idioms of Eastern Mediterranean. 

Application of all the elements of modality, rhythmology, morphology and specific stylistic elements of various local idioms on the specific performing instruments. 

Analysis of melodic examples by means of the modal analysis methodology and tools taught in the theoretical part of the course. 

Synthesis of methods and tools of modal theory and practice in order to explain  complex melodic behavior found in oral music idioms of the Eastern Mediterranean. 

Evaluation of data for the formulation of new models of explanation at the level of theory and new ways of using traditional instruments at the level of music practice.

Teaching Approach

Interactive presentation/ lecture supported by using musical instruments, as well as music technology and in specific music software for the analysis of melodic examples.

Prerequisite Courses

Modality and harmonization II- Performance IV

Recommended Courses in the Curriculum

Aesthetics and Pedagogy- Music Ensembles IV
Aesthetics of Traditional Music- Music Ensembles III
Didactics of the Instrument- Performance VII
Introduction to Ethnomusicology
Greek Discography- Music Ensembles II
Perspectives in the Study of Greek Traditional Music I - III 
Theory of Traditional Music I- Performance I
Theory of Traditional Music II- Performance II
Traditional Orchestras- Music Ensembles I
Makam and Morphology II- Performance VI
Music Transcription
Music Pedagogy I- II 
Elements of Byzantine Music- Chanting
Modality and Harmonization I- Performance III
Modality and Harmonization II- Performance IV

Course Content

Presentation of the modal systems of  Makams and Octoechos. Study of specific modal entities found in musical idioms of Eastern Mediterranean. Analysis of morphological issues of melodic development.

Practice in the oral recognition of modal behavior of various melodic examples.

Exercises for the improvement of performing technique.  Implementation of makam and dromoi. Study of popular and traditional pieces from the relevant repertoire of each instrument, either of from different areas or historical  periods. Solistic approach- accompanying approach, local stylistic performance variations. Presentation and technical analysis of exceptional performers representatives of local characteristic styles for each instrument. The level of difficulty of all the above depends on the semester.

Recommended Bibliography

     Davis, R. 2000, ‘Mode’στο New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Λονδίνο: Macmillan

     Ozkan, I.H. 1984, Turk Musikisi Nazariyati ve Usulleri Istanbul: Otuken

     Powers, H. 1980, ‘Mode’ In the New Grove: Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol 12.London: Macmillan

     Signell, K. 2004, Makam: Modal Practice in Turkish Art Music. Nokomis Florida: Usul

     Καράς, Σ. 1970, Γένη και Διαστήµατα στην Βυζαντινήν Μουσικήν (Genera and Intervals in Byzantine Music) Αθήνα 

     Καράς, Σ. 1989, Αρµονικά (Harmonics) Athens: Association for the dissemination of Greek Music

     Κηλτζανίδης, Π. 1881, Μεθοδική Διδασκαλία Ελληνικής Μουσικής, Θεσσαλονίκη: Ρηγόπουλος

     Μαυροειδής, Μ. 1999, Mουσικοί Τρόποι στην Ανατολική Μεσόγειο Αθήνα: Φαγκότο

     Σκούλιος, Μ. 2007, «Προφορικότητα και διαστηµατικός πλούτος σε µουσικά ιδιώµατα της ΒΑ Μεσογείου», στο Προφορικότητες, Τετράδιο Νο 3, Εκδ. Τµήµατος Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής

Σκούλιος, Μ. 2010, «Η θέση και η σημασία της έννοιας της κλίμακας στα ανατολικά τροπικά συστήματα», Μουσική (και) Θεωρία (Τετράδια 5), Τμήμα Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής ΤΕΙ Ηπείρου, Άρτα, σ. 114-130

Learning Exercises

Home study exercises on modal analysis of scores and acoustic examples.

Home study exercises for the specific instrument, its technique and its repertoire.

Teaching Methods

The course is based on ternary teaching with the participation of the students, discussion and practice.

Criteria and Methods of Evaluation

Written examinations at the end of the semester (separately for theory and tutorial) containing all issues dealt with in the frame of the theoretical part as well as the tutorial part of the course.

In the workshop part, the acquired skill on the instrument of each student is evaluated, both at the technical and stylistic level as well as the accuracy of interpretation  of modes, rhythms and the special repertoire.  

Teaching Language