Modality and Harmonization II - Performance IV

Course Title

Modality and Harmonization II-Performance IV

Course Code


Type of Course

Compulsory, 6 hours/week, (2 theory + 2 tutorial + 2 workshop)

Course level




ECTS Credits

6 (3 + 3)

Professor (-s)

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge of the history and evolution of types of melodic modality found in multimodal musical traditions of the area of Eastern Mediterranea. Knowledge of the history and evolution of the various traditional instruments.

Comprehension of methods and analytical tools developed in the modal systems of Byzantine Octoechos, Turco-arabo-persian Makam and ancient Greek Harmoniai
Comprehension of the position and role of each performing instrument in the music idioms of Eastern Mediterranean. 

Application of all the elements of modality, rhythmology, morphology and specific stylistic elements of various local idioms on the specific performing instruments. 

Analysis of melodic examples by means of the modal analysis methodology and tools taught in the theoretical part of the course. 

Synthesis of methods and tools of modal theory and practice in order to explain complex melodic behavior found in oral music idioms of the Eastern Mediterranean. 

Evaluation of data for the formulation of new models of explanation at the level of theory and new ways of using traditional instruments at the level of music practice.

Teaching Approach

Interactive presentation/lecture  supported by exercises of joint vocal interpretation and study examples, and the simultaneous use of teaching and acoustic aids as well as specific software for the hearing and analysis of acoustic examples.

Prerequisite Courses

Recommended Courses in the Curriculum

Aesthetics and Pedagogy - Μusic Ensembles IV
Aesthetics of Traditional Music - Music Ensembles IΙΙ
Didactics of the Instrument - Performance VΙΙ
Introduction to Ethnomusicology 
Greek Discography - Music Ensembles ΙI
Perspectives in the Study of Greek Traditional Music Ι-ΙΙΙ
Music Criticism - Music Ensembles V
Theory of Traditional Music Ι - Performance Ι
Theory of Traditional Music ΙΙ - Performance IΙ
Traditional Orchestras - Music Ensembles I
Makam and Morphology Ι - Performance V 
Makam and Morphology ΙΙ - Performance VΙ
Music Cultures around the World 
Music Pedagogy Ι-ΙΙ
Elements of Byzantine Music - Chanting 
Modality and Harmonization Ι - Performance IΙΙ
Dance and Greek Traditional Culture 

Course Content

Presentation of the main modal analysis tools and methodology developed in the frame of the Makam and Octoechos modal systems. Intervallic theory and non equal- tempered systems, tetrachordal analysis, chroes and characteristic modal nuclei, degree hierarchy, seyir melodic progression, fluidity of intonation and melodic attractions, modulation. 

Practice to improve recognition ability on all kinds of modal characteristics found in the above mentioned modal systems, by hearing acoustic examples of secular and sacred music traditions of  Eastern Mediterranean.

Exercises for the improvement of performing technique.  Implementation of makam and dromoi. Study of popular and traditional pieces from the relevant repertoire of each instrument, either of from different areas or historical  periods. Solistic approach- accompanying approach, local stylistic performance variations. Presentation and technical analysis of exceptional performers representatives of local characteristic styles for each instrument. The level of difficulty of all the above depends on the semester.

Recommended Bibliography

Signell, K. 1986, Makam: Modal Practice in Turkish Art Music New York: Da Capo

Μαυροειδής, Μ. 1999, Mουσικοί Τρόποι στην Ανατολική Μεσόγειο Αθήνα: Φαγκότο

Καράς, Σ. 1970, Γένη και Διαστήµατα στην Βυζαντινήν Μουσικήν, Αθήνα Σύλλογος προς Διάδοσιν της Εθνικής Μουσικής

Skoulios, M. 2012 “Modern Theory and Notation of Byzantine Chanting Tradition: A Near Eastern Musicological Perspective” στο Near Eastern Musicology Online vol.1 Paris: Geuthner

Σκούλιος, Μ. 2009, “Η θέση και η σημασία της έννοιας της κλίμακας στα ανατολικά τροπικά συστήματα στο Μουσική (και) Θεωρία”, Τετράδιο Νο 5, Εκδ. Τµήµατος Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής

Σκούλιος, Μ. 2007 «Προφορικότητα και διαστηματικός πλούτος σε μουσικά     ιδιώματα της Βορειοανατολικής Μεσογείου» στο ΠροφορικότητεςΤετράδιο 3, Άρτα: Εκδόσεις Τμήματος Λαϊκής & Παραδοσιακής Μουσικής ΤΕΙ Ηπείρου

Σκούλιος, Μ. 2006 «Προφορικές μουσικές παραδόσεις του ελλαδικού χώρου. Ζητήματα θεωρητικής ανάλυσης» στο περιοδικό Πολυφωνία, εκδ. Κουλτούρα, Αθήνα 2006

Skoulios, M. & Kokkonis, G. 2005 « Théories et pratiques modales de l’Orient: un itinéraire» στο De la théorie à lart de limprovisation (Ayari, M. éd.) Paris: Delatour France

Learning Exercises


Teaching Methods

The course is based on tripartite teaching with the participation of students, discussion and practice.

Criteria and Methods of Evaluation

Written exams at the end of the semester (separately for theory and workshop).The comprehension of the theory’s  basic elements is evaluated, as well as the ability to analyze acoustic examples

Teaching Language